Los procesos dependientes de su trayectoria: aportes teóricos del institucionalismo histórico al análisis político*


  • Patricia Martínez Coral Universidad de San Buenaventura, Bogotá




El presente artículo expone dos contribuciones teóricas del institucionalismo
histórico a la ciencia política que, a diferencia de los
estudios más representativos que ha orientado esta corriente de pensamiento en la disciplina, se centran en el ámbito del análisis político antes que en la reconstrucción de macrodinámicas de cambio institucional.

La primera de ellas corresponde al esclarecimiento conceptual
de la capacidad que tienen los instrumentos de acción pública para estructurar el contenido sustancial de la política, la incidencia que tienen en la representación de los problemas públicos, y el rol que ejercen sobre la formación y/o transmisión de preferencias. La segunda se refiere a las implicaciones de la dimensión temporal de las políticas, con base en la cual es posible controvertir gran parte de las aproximaciones convencionales de la disciplina en torno a los procesos de aprendizaje.


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